8. Colliery horses

Horses were used underground from the mid-18th century to the mid-20th century to haul drams of coal from the coal face to the shaft or drift bottom. 

Typically, they would work an eight-hour shift each day, during which they might haul 30 tons of coal in drams (tubs) on the underground mine railway.  

In drift mines ponies were normally stabled underground and fed on a diet with a high proportion of chopped hay and maize, coming to the surface only during the colliery’s annual holiday. The colliery horse carving is positioned on the present day bridleway.