On Wednesday 21st September 2016 Wales launched its State of Nature Report.
Wales has identified a list of most threatened species of highest priority for biodiversity conservation. 575 species feature on the list of Welsh priority species, and 249 (43%) of them were assessed. Over the last decade 33% of these species have continued to decline and 43% are stable or have showed little change in their status (i.e. they are still threatened with extinction). However, the outlook for 24% has improved in the last ten years, largely due to either improved evidence and understanding or genuine recovery due to conservation effort.
It is more appropriate to assess the state of marine nature at a UK level.
- More than one third of (known) marine vertebrate and marine plant species have declined.
- Three quarters of marine invertebrate species have declined.
- The UKs seabirds are rapidly declining with the number of seabirds on the Red list of threatened species doubling in the most recent assessment (2015)
In a global measure of the degradation of natural ecosystems – Wales is in the ‘top’ quarter (49th) for biodiversity loss of the 218 countries assessed (Biodiversity Intactness Index – BII see 3. below).