Coed Garnllwyd – Llancarfan

Coed Garnllwyd anemones

Coed Garnllwyd anemones

Grid References O.S. Explorer map 151 Cardiff & Bridgend. Main entrance point: ST057711, Site centre: ST058712

Status Part of the Nant Whitton Woods SSSI.

Coed Garnllwyd

Herb Paris at Coed Garnllwyd

Herb Paris at Coed Garnllwyd

Is managed under a 99 year lease.

Size 13 ha (32 acres).

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Location and Access Notes

0.7 km north-east of Llancarfan, approximately 5 km west of Barry. Access by public footpath either from the Llancarfan to Bonvilston road to the south of Garnllwyd House, or through the livery stables on the Walterston to Llancarfan road. Car parking is very limited, so we advise walking from Llancarfan village.

A public footpath and circular permissive paths run through the woodland, which can be steep and muddy.

Public transport

Some journeys of the V5 Cowbridge-Barry bus service call at Llancarfan.

Description: Ancient broadleaved woodland with some scrub and a meadow.

Coed Garnllwyd forms part of a woodland complex which occupies the southern and eastern sides of the small Nant Whitton and Nant Llancarfan valleys. The whole reserve is underlain with Lias limestone. A spring-line runs through the reserve producing wet flushes within the wood.

Early Purple Orchids at Coed Garnllwyd

Early Purple Orchids at Coed Garnllwyd

The woodland is mixed Ash, primarily Ash/Oak coppice with standards, with Hazel, Field Maple, Holly, Smooth-leaved Elm, Crab Apple (5), Hawthorn, Spindle, and Wayfaring-tree making a rich shrub layer. Clear felling in 1921 appears to have been the last major management undertaken, although some of the standard Oaks are larger and appear to pre-date this operation.

The woodland flora contains species typical of lime-rich ancient woodlands: Herb Paris (4-5), and Early Purple Orchid (4-5) occur, together with Bluebell (4-6), Wood Anemone (3-5) and Goldilocks Buttercup (4-6). Part of the meadow is species-rich with Common Spotted Orchids (6-8) and Devil’s-bit Scabious (8-9). The grassland and

Bramble scrub attract a range of invertebrates including Brown Argus (5-6 + 8-9) and Common Blue (5-9) butterflies, Speckled Bush Cricket (5-11), Wasp Beetle, a hoverfly Volucella inflata (5-10, peaking 6-7) and a soldier fly Stratiomys potamida. Amongst the varied birdlife are Buzzard, Tawny Owl, woodpeckers, Nuthatch and Treecreeper. Migrants include Garden Warbler in summer and Woodcock in winter. Dead timber within the woodland supports invertebrates and fungi including Scarlet Elfcups.

Coed Garnllwyd